B6 is a water soluble vitamin that is important to various metabolic reactions that occur in the body. It is also a coenzyme for protein metabolism and nervous and immune system function. Furthermore, it is involved in the synthesis of hormones and red blood cells.
B6 helps to protect the heart from cholesterol deposits and helps to prevent kidney stone formation.
B6 also helps activate coenzymes that are important in metabolism.
L-Carnitine is an amino acid that is derived from lysine and methionine and is essential for transporting long-chain fatty acids from the cytosol into the mitochondria for subsequent fat breakdown and energy production.
Acetyl-L-Carnitine has been shown to enhance attention and improve memory.
L-Carnitine has also been shown to reduce exercise-induced muscle damage, muscular fatigue, and reduce soreness.
A study conducted by Volek et al. (2002) found that supplementation with L-Carnitine daily for one week in healthy resistance-trained men was able to reduce markers of muscle damage after weight lifting. It was also discovered that biomarkers of oxidative damage reduced to baseline sooner than placebo.
Ho et al. (2010) discovered that middle-aged males and females who supplemented with L-Carnitine over a 24-day period experienced less muscle damage and soreness following exercise and had less oxidative markers in serum after exercise.
Alpha GPC is a phospholipid that plays a critical role in brain, nervous system, and muscular function.
As a supplement Alpha GPC has been shown to improve brain function and mood, reaction time, and focus.
Also since Alpha GPC increases levels of the neurotransmitter acetylcholine (important for muscular contraction) it is thought to improve muscle strength, power, and endurance.
Uridine is a nucleotide that acts as a precursor of brain synapses and membrane phospholipids in conjunction with the omega 3 fatty acid docosahexaenoic acid (dha) and choline sources.
It may enhance some brain cholinergic functions.
Uridine also supports the health and function of liver mitochondria
L-Tyrosine helps to activate metabolic pathways that produce the hormones epinephrine and norepinephrine – which are typically produced during moments of stress on the body and provide a boost in the terms of a “fight or flight” scenario.
Epinephrine and norepinephrine are depleted quickly during these moments of stress due to a lack of L-Tyronsine.
The addition of this amino acid to will help give you an extra PUSH and can make a big difference to help you FIGHT through your workouts and plateaus.
Hoffman et al. (2010) research results indicate that acute ingestion of supplement including L-tyrosine and anhydrous caffeine, can maintain reaction time, and subjective feelings of focus and alertness to both visual and auditory stimuli in healthy college students following exhaustive exercise.
Bacopa Monniera Extract:
Bacopa monnieri is a Nootropic herb that has been used in traditional medicine for longevity and cognitive enhancement. Supplementation can reduce anxiety and improve memory formation.
Bacopa monnieri interacts with the dopamine and serotonergic systems, but its main mechanism concerns promoting neuron communication.
It does this by enhancing the rate at which the nervous system can communicate by increasing the growth of nerve endings, also called dendrites.
Huperzia Serrata Extract:
Huperizine A is a selective inhibitor of the neurotransmitter acetylcholinesterase (AChE), which means it prevents the breakdown and increases the amount of acetylcholine; an important neurotransmitter in the central nervous system involved in cognition and muscular contractions.
Multiple studies have shown that supplementation with Huperzine-A can enhance focus, memory and mood.
A study conducted by Sun et al. (1999) reported that subjects who supplemented with Huperzine A for 4 weeks improved learning performance and memory compared to a placebo group.
Caffeine Anhydrous is simply caffeine with no water (around .05%). This has been shown to make caffeine anhydrous more potent because the body will absorb it more readily.
Although caffeine can affect a wide variety of motor and mental functions it is most commonly used to improve endurance exercise, focus and cognitive performance, and improve energy levels.
Caffeine has also been shown to have a thermogenic effect (heating/calorie burning) at rest and may increase the use of fats for fuel during exercise.
According to the research higher doses of caffeine, in the 250-450mg range, are needed to provide an ergogenic benefit.
In a study conducted by Astorino et al. (2010), active men given caffeine before resistance training were able to increase maximal torque, power, and volume by 5-8%
Dicaffeine Malate, as the name implies, is the combination of caffeine and malic acid.
Adding malic acid to caffeine is thought to calm the digestive effects of caffeine and thought to replenish the energy produced by caffeine (either through increased fat oxidation or ATP production).
Malic acid may also weaken the feeling of a caffeine crash and slow tolerance development to caffeine.
TeaCrine is concentrated nature-identical theacrine that delivers energy shown to last up to 6 hours.
Theacrine’s multi-faceted effects come from the synergistic reactions between two neural pathways: dopaminergic and adenosinergic pathways.
By affecting these pathways, Theacrine accelerates metabolism, increases energy production, and enables competitive athletes, active individuals and driven professionals to better their physical and mental performance.
TeaCrine also helps to maintain inflammation within the normal range, which helps decrease muscle and joint discomfort during and following exercise.
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1. Habowski, S. M., Sandrock, J. E., Kedia, A. W., & Ziegenfuss, T. N. (2014). The effects of TeacrineTM, a nature-identical purine alkaloid, on subjective measures of cognitive function, psychometric and hemodynamic indices in healthy humans: a randomized, double-blinded crossover pilot trial. Journal of the International Society of Sports Nutrition, 11(1), 1-2.
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Caffeine Anhydrous/DiCaffeine Malate:
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13. Acheson, K. J., Zahorska-Markiewicz, B., Pittet, P., Anantharaman, K., & Jéquier, E. (1980). Caffeine and coffee: their influence on metabolic rate and substrate utilization in normal weight and obese individuals. The American journal of clinical nutrition, 33(5), 989-997.
14. Dulloo, A. G., Geissler, C. A., Horton, T., Collins, A., & Miller, D. S. (1989). Normal caffeine consumption: influence on thermogenesis and daily energy expenditure in lean and postobese human volunteers. The American journal of clinical nutrition, 49(1), 44-50.